Flying Fish over Water

Fishing - facts


In general, it is not a criminal offence to fish for or take trout in Scotland. However, this does not imply that there is, as some would assert, a free right to fish anywhere. The rights of riparian owners are protected by principles of civil law and permission should be sought before fishing.

Fish can Fly

Marbled hatchet fish is the only known fish that can actually fly by jumping into the air and moving their fins? While they cannot fly in the same way as a bird does, flying fish can make powerful, self-propelled leaps out of the water where their long wing-like fins enable gliding for considerable distances above the water's surface. This uncommon ability is a natural defence mechanism to evade predators. Flying fish live in all of the oceans, particularly in tropical and warm subtropical waters. They are commonly found in the epipelagic zone, the top layer of the ocean to a depth of about 200 m. It is often known as the "sunlight zone" because it is where most of the visible light exists. 

It is illegal

To sell rod caught salmon or sea trout in Scotland

The Wellgreen Hatchery

The hatchery in Stirling is the only city centre Hatchery in Scotland

People, that study fish?

People that study fish are called ichthyologists.

Fish get their oxygen from the water, not the air.

Fish get their oxygen from the water, not the air. To do this, fish are equipped with gills instead of lungs. Gills are made of small filaments that let water flow freely around them. They are located behind a fish's head. A fish takes in water by swallowing.

Largest Catfish

The worlds largest known Catfish was the Wels species, caught in the former Soviet Union, it measured 16.5 feet long and weighed 660 pounds.

The Finfish Family

The finfish family has been swimming in the world’s oceans and seas for almost 500 million years, outliving the dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals.

Popular Shrimps

Shrimp is the most popular shellfish in the world, with over 300 commercial species harvested worldwide.

Sword Stomach

A 120-pound Swordfish with the sword still intact was found in the stomach of a 730 pound Mako Shark caught off Bimini, in the Bahamas.

Male or Female mussel or clam

Orange coloured meat in a mussel or clam indicates that it’s a female, if the colour of the meat is white, then it’s a male.

Shell Oil company

The founder of the Shell Oil Company was an avid shell collector, with his favourite being the Sea Scallop shell.  Hence, the Scallop shell logo featured at gas stations and other Shell Oil promotions.

Men and Dolphins

The fastest men can run about 35 km/h (21 mph). Which means that even the dolphin is faster. Dolphins can reach 60 km/h (37 mph).

Which fish is the slowest?

The slowest fish is the Sea Horse, which moves along at about 0.016 km/h (0.01 mph).

Sharks can swim 70 km/h (44 mph). Even Killer Whales reach those speeds. The fastest shark species, the Mako, can swim at 96 km/h (60

The fastest shark species

Sharks can swim 70 km/h (44 mph). Even Killer Whales reach those speeds. The fastest shark species, the Mako, can swim at 96 km/h (60 mph). fish reach 64 km/h (40 mph), Marlin 80 km/h (50 mph) and the fastest fish of all, the Sailfish, 109 km/h (68 mph).

The Swordtail

The swordtail is the fastest swimmer of all the fish

Parrotfish makes its bed

A parrotfish makes its own sleeping bag to sleep in. It uses mucous (like spit) to make a see-through bag all around its body to protect it from attack by other creatures in the ocean.

The heaviest fish caught

The heaviest fish ever caught was the OCEAN SUNFISH. It weighed 4,928 lbs.

The largest fish caught

Did you know the largest fish ever caught was the Whale Shark? It was 59ft long. These fish can weigh up to 15 tons.

The Dead Sea

Did you know fishes cannot live in the Dead Sea because the water has too much salt in it? It is 25% salt - 6 times more salt than in the oceans. The Dead Sea is a salt lake that is 80 km (50 miles) wide and 10 km (6 miles) wide. It lies between Israel and Jordan.

Talking Fish

Did you know fish talk to each other? Some of them communicate by making noises in their throats by rasping their teeth, others use their swim bladders to make sounds.


Fish and insects do not have eyelids – their eyes are protected by a hardened lens.

Eyes move around

Flatfish (halibut, flounder, turbot, and sole) hatch like any other “normal” fish. As they grow, they turn sideways and one eye moves around so they have two eyes on the side that faces up.

Jelly Fish fact

The largest jellyfish ever caught measured 7′6″ (2,3 m) across the bell with a tentacle of 120 ft (36 m) long.

The fastest swimmer

The sailfish is the fastest swimmer, reaching 68 mph (109 km/h), although a black marlin has been clocked at 80 mph (128 km/h).

Blue Whales

The heart of a blue whale is the size of a small car. The tongue of a blue whale is as long as an elephant and a blue whale weighs as much as 40 rhinos.

and lastly Sharks

Sharks are immune to all known diseases.

Sharks and rays also share the same kind of skin: instead of scales, they have small tooth-like spikes called denticles. The spikes are so sharp that shark skin has long been used as sandpaper.

Last updated: Tuesday, October 29, 2019 4:51 PM